Functions of Tyres

While the primary function of tyres is thought to be simple in terms of supporting the weight of the vehicle and transmitting traction and braking force to the road surface, Hankook takes it a step further by putting focus on its customers to provide the most comfortable driving experience.

Main Tyre Functions

Support vehicle load
Absorb road shocks
Transmit traction and breaking forces to the road surface
Change and maintain the direction of travel

Tyres are designed to support the weight of the vehicle, absorb road shocks, transmit traction, torque and braking forces to the road surface and maintain and change the direction of travel. To fulfill these four basic functions tyres are made of resilient rubber and filled with compressed air. The inner tube in a tyre is used for the maintenance of proper air pressure but it alone cannot retain air pressure high enough to support vehicle load nor is it durable enough to withstand damage or shocks.

The carcass protects the inner tube inflated with high-pressure air and supports the vehicle load. Its thick rubber layer, which is attached to the part of the tyre that meets the road, can withstand exterior damage or wear. Tyre tread patterns are chosen according to car movement and stability needs.

A solid structure is necessary to ensure tyres are securely assembled onto rims. With growing demand for gentrified high-performance vehicles, a variety of tyres with more complex functions and performance are now being developed.


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